The Germanic conquests are paralleled by the Buyeo conquests in Korea, and these conquests led to the foundation of both nations.
Actually, I have to agree with SNK_1408 in problematizing this statement.
Egami suggested that warlike northern peoples (perhaps Buyeo or related to Buyeo) migrated through the Korean peninsula and conquered Japan. Of course, there still isn't definitive evidence of an "invasion" while archeology of the Han River Basin and the western Gyeongsang region (former Gaya) have distinctive northern-style artifacts suggesting the possibility of migrations. It can be speculated that the remarkably sudden appearance of a warrior culture in Yayoi Japan (in contrast with the less warlike Jomon cultures) signifies that the Japanese archipelago was conquered by these mainland peoples, but then again, it could simply have been immigration at work. Likewise, the appearance of northern-derived artifacts in southern Korea likely means either cultural integration or migration. Buyeo was a close ally of various Chinese states (as it counterbalanced the restless Goguryeo), but there's no specific mentioning of Buyeo peoples "conquering" other precursor peoples of the Korean peninsula while it is noted that cultural similarities were apparent.
There are some theories that assert that Goguryeo and Baekje were ruled by Buyeo-origin elites; the founding myths of both kingdoms claim specifically Buyeo heritage and the northern affinities in both Goguryeo and Baekje suggest that there may be some merit to claims of Buyeo origins.
And regarding incorporation of myth and history, myth does get incorporated in histories of Western nations at the popular level. Arguably, it's also done in US history courses; various myths are associated with our country's "founding fathers" to make them appear more virtuous (George Washington and the cherry tree, for example) as a means to glorify the nation. I certainly remember being presented these quasi-mythical tales as being truthful during my elementary school years. These myths are taught in schools, but of course they're frequently problematized and debated intellectually; similarly, Korean scholars continuously debate over the validity of certain myths in relation to Korean early history.
do not feel that I should be so ashamed of the nomad invasions of China that I have to discredit others.
By the way, Wayne, are you ethnic Chinese by any chance?
I think nobody is discrediting Gochosun here, call it Gochosun or whatever, I think the consensus is some sort of proto-Korean tribes/culture/civilization did exist. It is just that Tangun himself might not.
"Dangun-wanggeom" was possibly a leader title and may not actually have been an actual person. I have a translation of a founding myth in which "Dangun" functions more as a title than a name; I'll have to see if I still have it. There are variations of the Dangun myth, too; it's not certain which ones were the most common so most would like to assume that the 2333 BCE version had more authority. Even if myths are exaggerated, there still is some information we can glean from them, which is why they attract some attention from historians and archeologists. Of course, finding the remains of a walled-town doesn't automatically mean that it's Asadal any more than finding remains of pallisade walls automatically meaning that it's Camelot (interestingly but not supririsingly, even European intellectuals are invested in finding evidences of their Camelots or Edens). Chinese histories are used to confirm things, but they too present problems as the Chinese historians were certainly not ethnographers, even if some were quite astute.
What do you mean Gochosun was a collection of state like kingdoms? What are the criteria for "state-like", I am wondering?
Guo/Guk is a pretty unusually vague term. Mostly it's understood to mean "state." But from what we have in the archeological record it seems that in terms of political order, Gojoseon consisted of affiliated chiefdoms that the Chinese referred to loosely as "states."
Edited by WangGeon, 26 June 2009 - 07:41 PM.