Question on geographic locations in Mongol-Jin war
Posted 16 August 2009 - 04:35 AM
During the Mongol war against Jin, they attacked into Song territory in the Hanzhong sector in 1228 and 1231.
In 1228 they defeated Song officer Cheng Xin (程信) at Gao Lan (皋兰) somewhere east of Jiezhou.
In 1231 they defeated Song officer He Jin (何进) at Da’an (大安) after outflanking the Song by moving over Yubie Mountain (鱼鳖山) and reaching Mupikou (木皮口) ferry at the Jialingjiang River (嘉陵江).
Does anyone know where Gao Lan, Yubie Mountain, and Mupikou Ferry are located?
Posted 17 August 2009 - 11:59 PM
"夫君子之行：靜以修身，儉以養德；非淡泊無以明志，非寧靜無以致遠。" - 諸葛亮
One should seek serenity to cultivate the body, thriftiness to cultivate the morals. If you are not simple and frugal, your ambition will not sparkle. If you are not calm and cool, you will not reach far. - Zhugeliang
Posted 20 August 2009 - 03:14 AM
Gao Lan 皋兰 is situated in the center of today's Gansu province (甘肃） and northern suburbs of Lanzhou city (兰州, capital of Gansu province）.
Thank you for the reply. There may then be more than one Gao Lan. When the Mongols invaded Song territory in early 1228 they besieged Xuhe and reached Jiezhou. Gao Lan must be near these two places:
The other location I looked for is associated with the battle at Da’an in 1231. The Song first defeated the Mongol advance forces, but were later outflanked and crushed. In the Song Shi it is said: 'The GreatMongolArmy北兵 broke into Wuxiu Pass武休关 in the east, and Qifang Pass七方关 shortly after. Then they entered Jinniu金牛 of Mianzhou沔州, and approached Da’an大安. Later, they divided a separate force to penetrate from Mupikou木皮口 ferry at Jialingjiang River嘉陵江 deep behind HeJin何进 Forces. HeJin何进 was defeated and killed. So the Mongols pushed deep into Jianmen Pass剑门关.'
If Mupikou is really on the Jialingjiang it is far away from Da’an. Perhaps the Song forces were really deployed south of Da’an. Perhaps the Mongol outflanking force marched through Xihe and Jie.
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