Chapter 2: PolearmsI- Ancient Spears
There are a very great variety of spears over time, however, in short, a spear in its earliest and simpliest form, could be said only as a dagger that was attached to it with a long shaft.
Spear could be said as one of the most oldiest type of weapons in the world. From stone age, simpliest form of spear appeared as a long wooden shaft tied up with a stone blade. However, in terms of Western Civilisation, Metal Spears dated their golden age back from Ancient Egypt through Hellenic Civilisation Era to The Roman Empire. Blades at this time, as well as the early Medieval later, were simply made in leaf shape, called Linear Spear
. Of course, overtime, the design of these was completed by the Greek, and then was advanced by the fearsome and redoubtable army of Roman Empire.Egyptian Spears - about 8 BCE Century
These spears were found in . The time of producing was unknown, but by radiation, we could estimated they were produced about 8 BCE Century. The quality of the specimen seemed to be worse, and blades nearly fall apart. It was now stored in Cairo Museum
Image: Brutus, First Date Of Posting - 12/4/2005Greek Spears c.300-100 BC
This prototype was a Greek Spear, with very typical leaf shape of blade. It was made by iron and the total length was believed around 2.5 - 3 m and the blade's length is 267mm, its edge was corroded. The prototype was found in Bajawar
The Greek proved themselves as one of the most successful army during the Ancient time. The famous Phalanx formation always associated with long pikes and heavy infantrymen. The Spartan, during the Greek and Persian War, were equipped with longer pike and better quality Corinthian Helmet
, easily defeated their foes, which were poorly organised, equipped with outmoded spears and lighter scale armour at the Battle Of Thermopylae. However, it was the Alexander's army who glorified the use of spears and Hellenic Warfare. By a kingdom stretching from Greece to Northernmost India, the influence of Greek Spear spread over Pakistan, left their deep scar upon the Muslim Weapons in later stage. Unlike Chinese weapons during the same period (As I read from many posts of Kenneth), Greek spearheads tended to be made in iron, rather than bronze.Greek Spears c.300-100 BC, Diamond Shaped Blade
This prototype showed a bit different from the above specimen. As you could see here, the balde was shown in diamond shape, shorter in length, about 150mm as compared to the previous one. Of course the material is iron. It was also found in Bajawar. The blade is very light chipping. These kinds of blade was attached to wooden shafts which long about 3m. It was used exceptionally by infantry. To some extents, its design made it easier in use in forest.Greek Iron Spearhead From c.300-100 BC, Long Leaf Shape and Wooden Attachment (A bit)
This extraordinary spearhead was found in Athena, it has a ridged central spine, which show a more complete step in the developement of spearhead design. The ridged spine help to increase the force of thrusting. Long leaf shape gave infantrymen the advantage of resist the cavalrymen more effective. As you can see, a piece of wooden shaft is still preserved overtime, a rare situation. The length of this blade is 460 mm, and the diameter of the socket is 30mm.BAKTRIAN-GREEK-SCYTHIAN, c. 400-100 BC?
The place of this spearhead is unknown, however, one feature is visible in this prototype: wide based triangular biblade with socket. The Baktrian or Scythian spearhead found later in Roman Empire time possess similar shape as this one.Unusual BAKTRIAN-GREEK-SCYTHIAN, c. 400-100 BC?
This spearhead became unusual due to its shape of blade. With conical-hollow structure of blade, this unusual prototype was used to penetrate armour more effective then previous spearheads that I posted up there. Methinks, it was the small diameter of this blade that help it concentrate the force of thrusting into one specific area in armour. This blade is 238mm long, 2 retainning rings around wapped socket.GREEK-SCYTHIAN-KUSHAN- SASANIAN 300AD
This oriental spearhead shows a gradually flat socket-neck with its blade. A progress in spearhead design influenced by Persian style. Its total length is 350 mm and its diameter is 35 mm. Its edge is slightly chipped as well.
This is also a similar spearhead within the same range but smaller in socket diameter 30mm and its total length is 310mm. It was reinforced at the base of the socket, mushroomed at the socket since it might be used as a chiselprobably SCYTHIAN, c. 150 BC - 100 AD
This prototype is slightly smaller than the previous spearheads. Its total length is 240 mm and its socket diameter is 30 mm. It is cast socket and was found from Barikot.[size=2BAKTRIA-GREEK-SCYTHIAN, c. 150 BC - 100 AD[/size]
This spetecular prototype is a iron spearhead, short leaf shape with sharply raised spine. It has a solid socket and slightly minor edge chips
Edited by Boleslaw I, 29 July 2007 - 09:12 PM.