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Dipper Mother / Dou Mu


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#1 Pattie

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Posted 10 December 2007 - 07:50 PM

Tonight's topic for research is the Dipper Mother: http://www.artic.edu...ssance/h101.php

The Dipper Mother

Legend has it that many ages ago, a great queen vowed to give birth to children who would help to guide the movements of the Tao. One fine spring day, she disrobed and entered a pool to bathe. Suddenly, she felt "moved," and nine lotus buds rose from the pond. The lotus, a symbol borrowed from Buddhism, signifies purity and spiritual enlightenment since it rises from the mud (representing the physical impurities of the world) to become a brilliant flower. Each of these lotus buds opened to reveal a star, including the seven stars of the Northern Dipper (Big Dipper), one of the most important constellations in Taoism. Subsequently, this queen was deified, becoming known as the "Dipper Mother."

This porcelain sculpture of the Dipper Mother depicts her as a heavenly goddess holding the sun and moon in her upraised hands. Her remaining 16 hands grasp various ritual implements and weapons.

Like the Saintly Mother, Heavenly Immortal of the Eastern Peak, the Dipper Mother rose to prominence in the Ming dynasty. She is still worshiped today in special halls devoted to her at Taoist temples like the White Cloud Monastery, head of the Complete Realization sect in Beijing.


Posted Image

(from)


http://everything2.c...node_id=1051092

Dipper Mother

Taoist Celestial Deity and Mother of the Seven Stars of the Northern Dipper (Ursa Major).

She is mentioned in the Taoist Canon where at least two biographies and a ritual devoted to her are to be found.

The 'Offering of the Nine Luminescences' commemorates the birth of the Seven Stars and is celebrated by Taoist worshippers on their birthday. This seems to have been based upon the Taoist Canon Scripture: 'Realized Scripture of the Nine Luminescences', which shows the unity in the teachings of Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism.

The Dipper Mother is still greatly revered today, both the White Cloud Monastery and the Northern Bushel Monastery celebrate her rites.



http://www.artnet.co...sidy1-10-01.asp

The Dipper Mother, an 18th-century white porcelain, blends Taoist and Buddhist iconography. This ten-inch-high work shows the mother of the seven stars of the Northern Dipper (Ursa Major). She has nine pairs of arms -- one for each of her children and the remainder for Violet Tenuity and Celestial August, two important stars in the central northern sky. The Dipper Mother sits on a lotus throne with two of her many hands clasped in prayer.


(My highlight...in violet, of course.;-) It's this kind of thing that I'm always looking for...

Oddly, Christie has nothing on Her. Ah well. I'll keep looking. ^__^ Please feel free to add.
Cheers,
 

Pattie


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#2 fireball

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Posted 10 December 2007 - 09:38 PM

What are the Chinese characters for this deity?

Edited by fireball, 10 December 2007 - 09:39 PM.


#3 kaiselin

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Posted 10 December 2007 - 10:47 PM

check out these sites on Dou Mu

Dou Mu is also known as the Star Mother and mother of the seven stars of the Big Dipper (Plough). She is said to have the ability to save people from many types of evil and trouble. She is depicted with three eyes in each of her four faces; with four arms on each side of her body. Two of her hands are held together, and the other six hold a sun, moon, bell, golden seal, bow, and halberd. She is celebrated on the 9th day of the 9th lunar month.
http://www.gods-hero...om/chinese.html
=======
Ursa major Myths
Chinese:
Chinese astronomers called this constellation the "Jade Balance of Fate." Chinese peasants called it the "Grain Measure."

http://nfo.edu/astro/ursamj.htm
===========
This one is well worth going to.
http://www.sociology...ainthepast.html

Stars 1, 2, and 7 are also said to be associated with cloud-soul/actualizing spirit (hun shen ; ) and stars 3, 4, 5, and 6 with white-soul/embryonic essence (p 'o chung ).
The earliest myths, recorded in China, say that the Nine Imperial Gods were the Nine Human Sovereigns who reigned a total of 45,600 years . There are, however, many later versions, for example that speaks of nine heroes who helped the people at the end of the Ch'ing Dynasty (1644-1912).
The mother of the Nine Imperial Gods is Tou Mu it is said. She was born as Mo-li-che in the Western Realm, T'ien-chuh-kwoh , Kwan Ying from India. Having attained deep insights into heavenly mysteries, she began to radiate light, roaming over the seas and travelling to the sun and the moon. She showed great charity for human beings and finally married Ch'en-tsu-ts'ung King of Cheu-yü in the northern regions of the universe. Her nine sons she instructed in transcendental knowledge. Because there were not many people in the north, she went with her family to the south of Mt. Che Siu where the people thought they were genii. They made the eldest son king. Later the Jade Emperor came down and took the family up to heaven where Tou Mu lives in the palace of the Polar Star near the heavenly palaces of her sons. Other mention a divine mother, "Female Pivot" (Nu Shu) who seems to be a female version of the Polar Star. Nil Shu conceived the prehistoric king or demigod Chuan-hsü when she saw the seventh star of the Dipper, "Gemmy Light," piercing the moon like a rainbow. The Jade Emperor was considered to be a reincarnation of Yuan-shi t'ien-tsun who entered the womb of Shan-sheng , Queen of the Kingdom of Tsing-loh ll , on a ray of light.
In Taoism, Tou Mu has also been called T'ien Hou ("Queen of Heaven") and has been compared with Kuan Yin , the female form of Avalokitesvara, the bodhisattva of Amitâbha Buddha. Like Kuan Yin, T'ien Hou is of Indian origin. In India, she was the Goddess of Dawn, Marici ("Ray of Light"). The Tibetans called her Semding and every successive abbess was considered to be a reincarnation of Marici.

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#4 kaiselin

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Posted 10 December 2007 - 10:56 PM

Although this is a diagram of the Steps of Yu, it is related to Dou Mu
Posted Image

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#5 fireball

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Posted 10 December 2007 - 11:19 PM

OK. I got the Chinese name. It is: 圆明道母天尊 or 先天道姥, 斗姥(姆)元君, 九灵太妙白玉龟台夜光金精祖母元君.

http://baike.baidu.c...iew/1122580.htm - Chinese site for Dou Mu (道母).

Another of her birthday is 20th day of 6th month of Lunar Calendar.

#6 kaiselin

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Posted 10 December 2007 - 11:25 PM

OK. I got the Chinese name. It is: 圆明道母天尊 or 先天道姥, 斗姥(姆)元君, 九灵太妙白玉龟台夜光金精祖母元君.

http://baike.baidu.c...iew/1122580.htm - Chinese site for Dou Mu (道母).

Another of her birthday is 20th day of 6th month of Lunar Calendar.



Why is her name Dou if the character is Dao?

Shouldn't it be
斗 dou -a unit of measure for grain / dipper / funnel

Edited by kaiselin, 10 December 2007 - 11:34 PM.

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#7 fireball

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Posted 11 December 2007 - 12:03 AM

Why is her name Dou if the character is Dao?

Shouldn't it be
斗 dou -a unit of measure for grain / dipper / funnel


True. It's one of her names: 斗姥(姆)元君. Also, I think 道 in Taiwanese dialect is pronounced close to Dou.

Edited by fireball, 11 December 2007 - 12:07 AM.


#8 kaiselin

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Posted 11 December 2007 - 12:25 AM

Go to this site to see a temple of hers

The Tou Mu Kung Temple ( 斗母宫) is a Taoist temple situated on Upper Serangoon Road, Singapore
Worshipping the Empress Registrar of Birth or Dou Mu (斗母) and Nine Emperor (九皇大帝) deities, the temple has both Taoist and Buddhist influences.
http://en.wikipedia...._Mu_Kung_Temple

http://commons.wikim..._Mu_Kung_Temple

Edited by kaiselin, 11 December 2007 - 12:35 AM.

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#9 Pattie

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Posted 11 December 2007 - 02:24 PM

^____^ I see you ladies were busy while I was MIA.
Thank you very much.
I'll have a look tonight.
XOXOXOX


Okay...I couldn't help myself and peeked. Interesting (to me) that in the picture I added and the one from fireball's link the sun and moon both have handles...like they're Western mirrors.

And now, back to work. ^__~
xoxoxo


Edited by Pattie, 31 January 2014 - 03:59 PM.

Cheers,
 

Pattie


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#10 kaiselin

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Posted 11 December 2007 - 06:40 PM

the first pic is an ancient Chinese compas. Note that the needle is a ladle.

Posted Image

Posted Image

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#11 Lin Duanwen

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Posted 09 July 2008 - 09:26 AM

In Buddhism, Dipper Mother (斗母元君) is also known as Marici Deva (摩利支天菩萨).

Posted Image

Edited by Lin Duanwen, 09 July 2008 - 09:50 AM.

Posted Image Flying Phoenix 飛鸞隱士

#12 kaiselin

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Posted 09 July 2008 - 11:51 PM

In Buddhism, Dipper Mother (斗母元君) is also known as Marici Deva (摩利支天菩萨).

Posted Image


Just out of curiosity, do the pigs relate to Vajrazarahi / the Diamond Sow?

You can only go halfway into the darkest forest; then you are coming out the other side.


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#13 Lin Duanwen

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Posted 10 July 2008 - 09:01 AM

Just out of curiosity, do the pigs relate to Vajrazarahi / the Diamond Sow?

The pigs are not related to Vajravarahi (金刚亥母).
Posted Image Flying Phoenix 飛鸞隱士

#14 kaiselin

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Posted 10 July 2008 - 09:05 PM

Do you know why she is standing on them?

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#15 Lin Duanwen

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Posted 11 July 2008 - 09:24 AM

Do you know why she is standing on them?

Because they are her "mount 坐骑". Marici Deva rides on pigs just like Manjusri Boddhisattva (文殊菩薩) riding a lion.
Posted Image Flying Phoenix 飛鸞隱士




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