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How many Chinese Surnames are there altogether?


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#1 世中豪杰

世中豪杰

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Posted 06 October 2009 - 04:24 AM

I used to thought that Bai Jia Xing 百家姓 refers that Han Chinese has only 100 surnames initially. however when i browse around the web, it seems that there is more than a 100. However, It also seems that many of the list of surnames are very incomplete to me from the web.

exactly how many surnames do the Han Chinese has?
Can I have a Full list of both the single characters & double characters surnames?

How about the surname of the other ethnic groups of China?
Does anyone also have a full list of all their names?
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#2 General_Zhaoyun

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Posted 06 October 2009 - 06:40 AM

I used to thought that Bai Jia Xing 百家姓 refers that Han Chinese has only 100 surnames initially. however when i browse around the web, it seems that there is more than a 100. However, It also seems that many of the list of surnames are very incomplete to me from the web.

exactly how many surnames do the Han Chinese has?


The Bai Jia Xing 《百家姓》 maybe of "100 Surnames", but it actually compiled 442 single character surnames and 61 double character surnames

According to this site http://zhidao.baidu....n/14025549.html, the book Zhonghua Xinfu 《中华姓府》 written by Taiwan Scholar Wang Shuo Chun 王素存 had recorded about 7,720 Han surnames.

According to Chinese Wikipedia source at http://zh.wikipedia....rg/zh-cn/汉姓 , the number of "han surnames" in history was around 12,000. But today's active Han Surnames are about 4,700. Majority are of single character surname, while double character surnames had around 100. 3 characters han surnames are very rare.

As for the dictionary of China's surname Zhonghua Xinshi Dachi dian 《中华姓氏大辞典》 published in 1996, which included ethnic minorities surname, it was recorded to have 11,969 surnames in China;

Single Character Surnames - 5,327
Double Characters Surnames - 4,329
3 Characters Surnames - 1,615
4 Characters Surnames - 569
5 Characters Surnames - 96
6 Characters Surname - 22
7 Characters Surname - 7
8 Characters Surname - 3
9 Characters Surname - 1

Can I have a Full list of both the single characters & double characters surnames?

How about the surname of the other ethnic groups of China?
Does anyone also have a full list of all their names?


It is impossible to list down the full list.

May I suggest you to refer to the authoritative source Zhonghua Xinshi Dachi dian 《中华姓氏大辞典》 (Great Dictionary of Chinese Surnames) by Yuan Yida (ISBN 7504114774) ? See http://www.haotushu.com/book/796468 . You might be able to get it in Singapore library or bookstores
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