Info on ChangAn
The city was briefly renamed DaXing City (大兴城) under the Sui Dynasty (隋朝), and then reverted back to ChangAn under the Tang.
It was 9721 metres from east to west, and 8651 metres from south to north, with an area of 8600 hectares.
That %#$!@#!@#$$&&^% Yun, if only he could share directly the virtual ChangAn program online. (jesting, okay?)
Layout of the city
An artist's reconstruction of the main city gate of Chang An (southern Ming De Gate)
TaiJi Palace, aka Western Inner (Palace) / 太极宫 (西内)
This was the main palace of the city at the founding of the dynasty. It was also named DaXing Palace (大兴宫) under the Sui, the renamed to TaiJi Palace under Tang.
There were two main meeting areas:
(1) TaiJi Hall / 太极殿 - for the primary sessions of the Imperial Court, and
(2) LiangYi Hall / 两仪殿 - for smaller meetings.
DaMing Palace, aka Eastern Inner (Palace) / 大明宫(东内)
唐朝大明宫玄武门复原图 (Northern Gate of the DaMing Palace)
This is not to be confused with the Eastern Palace (东宫), which was the eastern portion of the TaiJi Palace, resident of the Crown Prince.
This was built by Emperor TaiZong (唐太宗) for his father, the retired Emperor GaoZu (唐高祖). During summer, ChangAn became unbearably hot and humid. Emperor TaiZong would move his court to the cooler JiuCheng Palace (九成宫) away from ChangAn in the highlands north of the Wei river (渭北高原).
However, Emperor GaoZu of Tang did not like to go to JieCheng Palace, reportedly because the late Emperor Wen of Sui (隋文帝) had passed away there.
In AD 634, at the suggestion of Inspector General Ma Zhou (监察御史马周) for Emperor TaiZong to display his filial piety, another palace was commissioned the north(east) of ChangAn, constructed upon the dragon's head elevation (龙首原高地) of the Imperial gardens/parks (禁苑). It was initially named as YongAn Palace (永安宫), or Permanent Peace Palace. In the second year, it renamed as DaMing Palace (大明宫).Emperor GaoZu died seven months into its construction and the work was halted.
Work was resumed under the reign of Emperor GaoZong of Tang (唐高宗) after more than 20 years, and completed in AD 663. The emperor could not wait to move in with his family. There, Empress Wu ZeTian (武则天) gave birth to Li Dan (李旦), the future Emperor RuiZong of Tang (唐睿宗).
Two reasons were given for the hasty move.
(1) The humidity of the TaiJi palace, given its relatively low elevation, which gave the emperor migraines, and
(2) Empress Wu getting away from the ghosts of the original empress of Emperor GaoZong and Concubine Xiao (萧淑妃), whose deaths she had caused.
In AD 662, additional works were added and the place was renamed FengLai Palace (蓬莱宫), after the mythical island of FengLai in the eastern ocean.
AD 670, it was renamed HanYuan Palace (含元宫).
AD 701, it reverted back to DaMing Palace.
From the reign of Emperor GaoZong, it became the primary residence of the Emperor and the assembly of the Imperial Court.
It suffered great devastations from military conflicts in AD 883, AD 885 and AD 896, and subsequently became an abandoned ruin.
http://bbs.club.sohu...guoxue&a=522021 (pictures of ancient Chinese cities/palaces)
Edited by snowybeagle, 26 April 2005 - 03:27 AM.