Here's the link for the Golovachev article: http://www.clas.ufl....urnal/volume 2/
I found it on the Early Medival China webpage. You should also be able to find a couple of article there by Dr. Jennifer Holmgren. In addition, a number of Holmgren's articles on the Northern Wei dynasty and its successor states have been compiled and published in book form under the title *Marriage, Kinship and Power in Northern China* (Variorum, 1995).
The marriage between Istemi's daughter (called Kayen of Turkmania in Ford's charts) and Khosrow/Chosroes I of Persia (r. 531-579) seems to be widely accepted -- you can find references to it in any number of sources both online (via Google) as well as in print, but they are all, as far as I can determine so far, secondary sources and I've not yet had a chance to check the notes (etc.) to see what primary sources such claims are being based upon. One such source, which I have on hand, is Rene Grousset's *The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia* (1939, rprnt. Rutgers University Press, 1997). The same holds true for placing this same princess (i.e. Istemi's daughter) as the mother of Khosrow/Chosroes I's son and successor, Hormizd/Hormazd IV "the Turk" (r. 579-590).
My concern, once I began looking more closely at this possible link between the Persian Sassanids and Western Wei/Norther Wei (which might in turn prove to be a link between various Western dynasties and China), was whether or not it was even remotely possible (chronologically) for the Western Wei princess to have been the grandmother of Hormizd/Hormazd IV given the fact that most of the sources I've seen so far seem to indicate that Istemi's marriage to Chang-lo/Changle would have taken place after his brother's death in 552/553. I gather that it was perfectly acceptable practice among the Turkish Khans for the successor sons/brothers of a dead Khan to select various wives, concubines, etc., out of his harem and add them to their own (so it would be plausible that Istemi would have taken the Western Wei princess as his wife following his brother's death), but I'm not sure a child of such a marriage (assuming it didn't take place until 552/3) would have been old enough to pass along to Khosrow/Chosroes I of Persia early enough for their child to be Hormizd/Hormazd IV. In short, the daughter Istemi sent to Persia could just as likely been born to another of his wives, concubines, etc. And that's why I was curious about knowing whether or not any Chinese sources say anything about the other wives (as well as the mothers) of these early Tujue/Gok-Turk/Turuk Khans.
I'll see if I can gather together a bibliography on the marriage between Persia and the Turks and Hormizd/Hormazd IV's mother being the daughter of Istemi and post it here when time permits.
Jeff, I was invited to that group by Ford Mommaerts-Browne, and read the discussion. I have looked through the Zhou Shu records on the Western Wei emperors (there are none in the Wei Shu), and also their description of Persia (Bosi), but there is no mention of Princess Changle's daughter being married off to the Sassanians. However, this is not surprising, since Princess Changle's descendants would not be considered part of the Western Wei aristocracy.
Could you elaborate on the Sassanian record of Homizd IV's mother? On Mommaerts-Browne's chart, she is indicated as 'Kayen of Turmania'.
I'd also be very pleased if you could provide a link to Valentin C. Golovachev's "Matricide Among the Touba-Xianbei and its
Transformation During the Northern Wei", which you said was available online.